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Travel Guides Malaysia Trek to Mount Kinabalu
Trek to Mount Kinabalu
Located in the Crocker Range, north-east of the island of Borneo, in Sabah, 90 km from the state capital of Kota Kinabalu, Mount Kinabalu is the highest peak in Southeast Asia is with its 4095 meters. His rise is deemed easy , but we say that the summit has good accessibility makes more sense, as always in Mountain. To find the highest peak, it must go either Himalayas, or Oceania. And more specifically in Indonesia in the province of West New Guinea, among the Papuans, where several peaks exceed 4,000 meters and 3 exceed 4500 meters culminating Mountains Maoke the Puncak Jaya, the highest peak of Oceania with 4884 meters. But back to Kinabalu, the mountain and surrounding area are classified as World Heritage by Unesco since 2000, for the exceptional richness of its flora and fauna also. National Park since 1964 and covers an area of 754 square kilometers with varied landscapes and currently hosts 200 000 visitors per year.
Climbing Kinabalu
The ascent of the main summit of Kinabalu is via the south face. The trek is organized in 2 days. The first summit is attributed to a Columbia, Commonwealth forces, Sir Hugh Low in 1851. At the time it took 9 days, accompanied by his retinue of 42 persons to reach the summit via a more perilous driving directions! Think of your equipment, it is rather cool at the summit, what we tend to forget in this latitude. 28 ° C at the base, near 0 ° C at the top. If it is possible to climb the mountain in one day, beware of altitude sickness or any incident that may rather quickly become complicated in this area surrounded by jungle. The helicopter will not like the needles of Chamonix .. Another reason to take his time, is the fabulous biodiversity Kinabalu National Park. 20,000 people climb the summit each year.
It is also possible to stroll in mountain biking, and local curiosity in April to participate in the trail of Mount Kinabalu Climbathon!

The route:
  • start to 1866 meters for 8.72 kilometers and 2229 meters of ascent.
  • 1st
  • can sleep at 2702 meters
  • At around 3300 meters, most of the accommodation around Labak Rata
  • Latest
  • shelter to 3668 meters
 
mont Kinabalu

Biodiversity, endemic species galore
The park's biodiversity and endemic richness explained by the combination of 3 factors: the insularity, the high altitude and geographical location at the crossroads of several of the world. We find in fact many plants from China, Nepal, Indonesia, Australia ... Among the species most spectacular and emblematic birds Trogon, Broadbill and the sublime rhododendrons, the Nepenthes rajah ... The Britaniques brought a growing interest in the sector with many expeditions organized by the Royal Society of Great Britain, interest culminating between 1961 and 1964.
If we urge you to climb for those who can not reach the top, floral interest to stop 3700 meters. beyond, mostly stone and bonsai here and there. But before that happened, in order:
  • If vegetation decreases steadily up to 2200 meters was the rainforest that dominates, with trees up to 50 meters.

  • Between 2200 and 3300 meters, you will discover a stratum very wet and foggy covered connifères, and other trees present no lower. The area has beautiful flowers, whose glowing rhododendron Low, also characterized by its golden color. A total of 5 endemic rhododendrons are counted from this altitude.

  • Between 3300 and 3700 meters, is the alpine gentian, berries .. trees are rarer and smaller.

Focus on Nepenthes Rajah
The Nepenthes Rajah is a variety of family Nepenthes. This is one of 4 species endemic Nepenthes own Kinabalu Park, such as the Nepenthes Khasiani. This plant Canibale that traps its victims in his urn was very passive threatened by its beauty and its specific forms. It grows between 1500 and 2700 meters altitude to take advantage of the heat during the day and the coolness of the night. It grows in a very specific habitat, wetland and loaded nickel, chromium and magnesium in the soil called ultramafic soil. Protected and classified as endangered species, it is less channels but missing today is of course highly protected and monitored. Picking prohibited! Enemy of nature and the environment, it is easily recognizable so customs will not fail you ...
Since 1994, the Nepenthes Rajah is classified as vulnerable species rather than endangered.
technical help, it is possible for some years to buy from Nepenthes propagation techniques in vitro less than 30 euros.

Geology of Mount Kinabalu
Mount Kinabalu is a very young mountain on a geological scale, which is still growing at a rate of 5 mm per year. This is not a volcano, but a granite base with early training began there 35 million years, start date of accumulation of marine sediments. Then there are 15 million years, these sediments under pressure and intense heat of a ball of molten magma turned into granite. It was there a million years that this base was raised by the underground pressure.


 
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